Armstrong, V. (2001). Theorizing gender and musical composition in the computerized classroom. Women: A Cultural Review 12(1),

This study proposes that certain forms of music technology are gendered and exclusionary for many women. Armstrong argues that computerized musical composition is constructed within a masculine domain. She believes that modern the computerized composition technology incorporated into music classrooms is plan-oriented and canonical. According to the girls Armstrong interviewed, this style of learning is undesirable and limits creativity. Male students preferred this style of working and were therefore more successful in computerized compositional classrooms.